Solar Air Conditioner FAQ
Solar Panel FAQ


Why Solarker 18000btu and 24000btu EVI hybrid ACDC air to air solar heat pump work under -25℃

Solarker Solar Heat Pump Air Conditioner EVI Tech Solarker -30℃ EVI Technology Evaporator flash tank separate gas and liquid refrigerant, gaseous refrigerant enters the suction port of compressor and reaches the intermediate chamber of the compressor. It increases compressor inside temperature and then increase compressor outlet exhaust temperature, so compressor enthalpy increase and efficiency improve. DC Inverter +  EEV Technology The full DC inverter technology control the speed of compressor from 15HZ to 85HZ, adjusts the input power from minimum 200W to maximum 2500W according to the ambient temperature needs to achieve the first energy saving 20-30%.EEV technology achieves precisely control of R410A refrigerant flow, achieving the second energy saving effect and precisely control the room temperature. DC Inverter Vapor Injection Compressor 1/Under SEER60, COP reach 3.952/Heating Capacity increase 20-50% at -15°C3/Two-stage throttling and compressing4/Twin Rotary, stable and powerful5/Lowest working ambient temp: -30°C6/Maximize Air outlet temp 55°C at -20°C

How much energy from the sun can be absorbed by solar panels

Solar energy is a kind of energy produced by the nuclear fusion of hydrogen in the sun. The energy emitted by the sun is only about one in 2.2 billion to reach the range of the earth's atmosphere, reaching the upper boundary of the earth's atmosphere, which is about 1367W per square meter, It reaches the photovoltaic module and converts it into direct current. According to the current efficiency of 18.3% of the single crystal 300W module, it is about 183W. Where does the 1184W energy in the middle go?1. Absorbed and reflected by the atmosphereThere are thousands of kilometers of atmosphere above the earth, which are divided into troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere and exosphere. About 30% of the sun's energy is reflected into space, and about 19% of the energy is absorbed by clouds and atmosphere. It becomes wind, thunder and rain, and about 51% reach the earth's surface. Since most of the earth's surface is covered by oceans, the energy that can really reach the land surface is only about 10% of the radiant energy that reaches the earth. Nevertheless, using this energy can be equivalent to 35,000 times the current global energy consumption.2. The battery module only absorbs the energy of the visible light partSpectral knowledge of sunlight: sunlight is a mixture of continuously changing light of different wavelengths, including light of various wavelengths: infrared, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet, ultraviolet, etc. Red, orange, yellow, green, indigo, blue, and violet are visible light that can be seen by the human eye. The longer wavelength part is red light, the longer wavelength part is infrared light, the shorter wavelength part is violet light, and the longer wavelength part is ultraviolet light, although the wavelength range of the solar spectrum is very wide, from a few angstroms to several angstroms. Ten meters, but the distribution of radiant energy by wavelength is uneven. Among them, the region with the largest radiant energy is in the visible light part, accounting for about 48%, the radiant energy in the ultraviolet spectral region accounts for about 8%, and the radiant energy in the infrared spectral region accounts for about 44%. In the entire visible spectrum, the maximum energy is in the wavelength At 0.475μm, the solar cell can only absorb part of the energy and convert it into electrical energy. The ultraviolet spectral region cannot perform energy conversion, and the long wavelength in the infrared spectral region can only be converted into heat.In the solar spectrum, different wavelengths of light have different energies and different numbers of photons. Therefore, the number of photons generated by the solar cell when exposed to light is also different. In general, silicon solar cells do not respond to ultraviolet light with wavelengths less than about 0.35 μm and infrared light with wavelengths greater than about 1.15 μm, and the peak response is in the range of 0.8 to 0.9 μm. Determined by the solar cell fabrication process and material resistivity, the spectral response peaks at about 0.9 μm when the resistivity is low. In the spectral response range of solar cells, the region with longer wavelength is usually called long-wave spectral response or red light response, and the region with shorter wavelength is called short-wave spectral response or blue light response. Essentially, the long-wave spectral response mainly depends on the lifetime and diffusion length of minority carriers in the matrix, and the short-wave spectral response mainly depends on the minority carrier lifetime in the diffusion layer and the recombination velocity on the front surface.At present, there are two ways to improve battery efficiency. One is to study new battery materials and widen the range of response spectrum. For example, cascaded solar cells integrate sub-cells made of semiconductor materials with different spectral responses together to make full use of solar energy. Each wavelength of the spectrum can be used to improve utilization through multi-junction cell technology. The second is to correct the cell technology, such as diamond wire cutting, surface passivation technology, laser processing technology, etc., to improve the utilization rate of solar energy. 3. Component packaging lossAfter encapsulation into modules, because the module area is larger than the total area of ​​the battery, the overall area efficiency is lost by about 2 percentage points; secondly, due to the loss of 0.5 percentage points of light transmission and absorption of photovoltaic glass; 0.5 percentage points of light transmission absorption loss of EVA film; Third, the resistance of the interconnect bar/bus bar loses 1 percent. In total, it lost about 4 percentage points. With the continuous development of module technology, multi-busbar battery modules, double-glass aluminum-free frame modules, and MWT back-contact busbarless battery modules are now introduced, which can reduce the packaging loss of modules to less than 1%.

Electrical knowledge necessary for solar panel installers - measuring instruments

Electrical knowledge necessary for photovoltaic installers - measuring instrumentsAfter the photovoltaic system is installed, it cannot be turned on and connected to the grid immediately. It is necessary to test whether the system is safe and qualified before it is connected to the grid. If there are short-circuit and grounding problems during the installation of the system, all of them must be found out and eliminated one by one. This requires electrical measuring instruments.Instruments that measure various amounts of electricity are collectively referred to as electrical measuring instruments. There are many kinds of electrician measuring instruments, the most common is the one that measures the basic electricity. There are many kinds of electrical instruments according to the measurement method, instrument structure, and instrument use. In general, electrical instruments are used to measure physical quantities such as current, voltage, electrical power, electrical power, power factor, frequency of electricity, resistance, and insulation conditions in circuits. As a result, there are instruments named after various physical quantities to be measured, such as ammeters, voltmeters, etc.1. MultimeterA multimeter is a portable instrument. Because of its ability to measure AC, DC voltage or current parameters, as well as resistance in circuits, it is called a multimeter.digital multimeter1. Precautions for using the multimeter1) Before use, you should be familiar with the functions of the multimeter, and select the correct gear, range and test lead jack according to the object to be measured. Beginners should pay special attention not to insert the test leads backwards.2) When the size of the measured data is unknown, the range switch should be set to the maximum value, and then switched from the large range to the small range.3) When measuring the resistance, touch the two test pens to make the pointer point at the zero position. If the display is not zero, you should use the "Zero" button to reset the pointer to zero, so as to ensure accurate measurement results. If it cannot be adjusted to zero or the digital display emits a low voltage alarm, it should be checked in time.4) When measuring the resistance of a circuit, the power supply of the circuit under test must be cut off, and no live measurement is allowed.5) When using the multimeter to measure, pay attention to the safety of the person and the instrument and equipment. Do not touch the metal part of the test pen with your hands during the test, and it is not allowed to switch the gear switch with electricity to ensure accurate measurement and avoid accidents such as electric shock and burning of the instrument. .2. Measurement of voltage, current and resistance1) Measurement of DC voltage, such as battery, Walkman power supply, etc. First, insert the black test lead into the "COM" hole, and the red test lead into "V Ω". Select the knob to a range larger than the estimated value (note: the values ​​on the dial are the maximum range, "V-" means DC voltage range, "V~" means AC voltage range), then connect the test leads to the power supply or both ends of the battery ; keep the contact stable. The value can be read directly from the display screen. If it is displayed as "1", it means that the range is too small, so it is necessary to increase the range before measuring. If "-" appears on the left side of the value, it means that the polarity of the test lead is opposite to that of the actual power supply. At this time, the red test lead is connected to the negative pole.2) Measurement of AC voltage. The test pen jack is the same as the DC voltage measurement, but the knob should be turned to the required range at the AC gear "V~". There is no positive or negative AC voltage, and the measurement method is the same as the previous one. Whether measuring AC or DC voltage, pay attention to personal safety and do not touch the metal part of the test pen with your hands.3) Measurement of current. Insert the black test lead into the "COM" hole first. If measuring the current greater than 10A, insert the red test lead into the "10A" jack and turn the knob to DC "A"; if measuring the current less than 200mA, insert the red test lead into the "mA" jack, turn the knob on to a suitable range within DC mA. Once adjusted, you can measure. String the multimeter into the circuit, keep it stable, and you can read it. If the display is "1", then the range should be increased; if "-" appears on the left side of the value, it means that the current flows into the multimeter from the black test lead.To measure currents greater than 10A, a clamp-on ammeter is required.4) Resistance measurement: Insert the test leads into the "COM" and "VΩ" holes, turn the knob to the desired range in "Ω", and connect the test leads to the metal parts at both ends of the resistor, which can be touched by hand during measurement. Resistance, but do not touch both ends of the resistance with your hands at the same time, this will affect the measurement accuracy, the human body is a conductor with a large but limited resistance. When reading, keep the test leads in good contact with the resistance, and pay attention to the unit: the unit digit is "Ω", the thousand digit is "KΩ", and the mega digit is "MΩ".2. Clamp ammeterClamp meter is an instrument that integrates current transformer and ammeter. It is an important branch of digital multimeter. Its working principle is the same as that of current transformer to measure current. The clamp meter is composed of a current transformer and an ammeter. The iron core of the current transformer can be opened when the wrench is tightened; the wire through which the measured current passes can pass through the opening of the iron core without cutting it, and the iron core is closed when the wrench is released. The circuit wire under test passing through the iron core becomes the primary coil of the current transformer, in which the current is induced in the secondary coil by passing the current. So that the ammeter connected to the secondary coil will have an indication-----measure the current of the line under test.The clamp meter can be changed to different ranges through the shift of the switch. However, it is not allowed to operate with power on when shifting gears. The accuracy of the clamp meter is generally not high, usually 2.5 to 5 grades. For the convenience of use, there are also switches of different ranges in the meter for measuring different levels of current and measuring voltage.The clamp meter was originally used to measure AC current, but now the multimeter has all the functions it has, which can measure AC and DC voltage, current, capacitance, diode, triode, resistance, temperature, frequency and so on.Clamp-on ammeters can measure photovoltaic DC current and inverter output AC current. Special attention should be paid to the fact that some clamp-on ammeters do not have DC function, and the jaws must be closed tightly, and the range cannot be changed while electrified.3. Shake table (megger)When exposed to heat and moisture, the insulating material ages, resulting in a decrease in insulation resistance, resulting in electrical leakage or short-circuit accidents in electrical equipment. In order to avoid accidents, it is required to frequently measure the insulation resistance of various electrical equipment. Determine whether the insulation degree meets the equipment needs. There are two ways to measure common resistance: low voltage measurement and high voltage measurement. However, due to the generally high value of insulation resistance (usually megohm level), the measured value under low voltage cannot reflect the real insulation resistance value working under high voltage conditions. Megohmmeter, also called insulation resistance meter, is the most commonly used instrument for measuring insulation resistance. It has a high-voltage power supply itself when measuring insulation resistance, which is the difference between it and a resistance measuring instrument. Megohmmeters are convenient and reliable for measuring insulation resistance.When the megger is working, it generates high voltage itself, and the measurement object is electrical equipment, so it must be used correctly, otherwise it will cause personal or equipment accidents. Before use, first make the following preparations:1) Before the measurement, the power supply of the device under test must be cut off, and the short-circuit discharge to the ground must be performed.2) For equipment that may induce high-voltage electricity, this possibility must be eliminated before measurement can be performed.3) The surface of the object to be measured should be clean to reduce the contact resistance and ensure the correctness of the measurement results.4) Before measurement, check whether the megger is in normal working condition, mainly check its "0" and "∞" points. That is, shake the handle to make the motor reach the rated speed. The megohmmeter should point to the "0" position when it is short-circuited, and it should point to the "∞" position when it is open.5) When measuring the insulation resistance of electrical equipment with a megohmmeter, be sure to pay attention that the "L" and "E" terminals cannot be reversely connected. The correct connection method is: "L" wire E" ground terminal button grounded equipment shell, "G" shield terminal connected to the insulating part of the equipment under test. If the "L" and "E" are reversed, the leakage current flowing through the insulator and the surface will be collected to the ground through the shell, and flow into the measuring coil from the ground through "L", so that the "G" loses its shielding effect and supplies the measuring tape to the ground. come a big error.

Grid voltage of countries around the world

Grid voltage of countries around the world The United States, Britain, and Germany are the first three countries in the world to have electricity. The voltage standards in the world are roughly inherited from these three countries. The United States was the first country to adopt alternators. At that time, it was limited by the insulation materials of generators. Only 110V alternators can be made, so a 110V grid was established, and this standard later affected Japan and Taiwan (110V). Some neighboring countries and regions that are deeply influenced by the United States, such as Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Colombia, the Cayman Islands and other countries, also adopt the standard of about 110V-120V.Later, with the advancement of technology, 220V alternators were created. Therefore, European countries that established power grids directly adopted the most advanced 220V-240V technology at that time, while countries that had already adopted 110V-127V were all replaced by 220V power. The system was too expensive, so they had to use it to this day. Objectively speaking, the 220V system is more economical than the 110V system, and it can also directly separate the 220V single-phase power from the 380V power supply for civilian use without a transformer, which is more advanced than the 110V system.The early voltage in the UK was 240V, and later it was changed to 230V in order to unify with the EU standard. Most Commonwealth countries and British overseas territories inherit this standard, such as Australia, New Zealand, India, Nigeria, etc. 240V, Malaysia, Singapore, Pakistan, etc. 230V. However, there are exceptions, such as Canada, Jamaica and other countries, which are 110V due to the influence of the United States; Hong Kong adopts the 220V standard considering the use of power supplied by mainland China. There are also Middle East countries from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, most of which belonged to the British sphere of influence, so most of the voltages also adopted British standards, around 230-240V.The voltage in Germany is 230V. Affected by it, the voltage of almost the entire European continent is around 220V-230V. Most of their former colonies in Asia, Africa and Latin America also adopted this standard. Most of the former Soviet Union countries are 220V (Russia is gradually changing to 230V), and China, Mongolia, Vietnam, etc. are also 220V due to the implementation of the Soviet standard.The output voltage of photovoltaic grid-connected inverter is wide, generally compatible with 220V to 240V, but not compatible with 110VAmerican household Split Phase system with 120/240V voltageThe general voltage of American household appliances is 110V, but most of the distribution boxes in the household use the Split Phase system, that is, there are two live wires. There are two types of three-phase voltage in the United States: 208V and 480VSummary: Although the voltage level in the United States is different from that in China, it can still be used by modifying the inverter. The key is to obtain UL certification in the United States.110-120V: North America such as the United States, Canada, Jamaica, Mexico, Cuba, Colombia, Cayman Islands, Japan, Taiwan and other countries and regions230-240V: UK and most Commonwealth countries, most British overseas territories, most Middle Eastern countries220-230V: China, Russia, continental European countries, member states of the former Soviet Union, and countries deeply influenced by the Soviet Union

Where we can use the solarker hybrid solar air conditioner and how much power saving

Where we can use the solarker hybrid solar air conditioner and how much power saving compare with normal air conditioner We can use the solarker hybrid acdc solar air conditioner for the work offices, coffee shops, supermarket, school classroom, hospical, battery or telecom station, restarants and many daily time working places. If there is a power supply issue, like Iraq, Yemen, Bakistan, South Africa or remote area, this is the cheapest and best way to use air conditioner cooling the house compared with battery or generator solutions. Compared with normal AC power air conditioner, power saving from 50% to 100% depends on the time using air conditioner in the day time.

Do I need extra solar inverter or other controller for the Hybrid ACDC solar air conditioner?

Do I need extra solar inverter or other controller for the Hybrid ACDC solar air conditioner? No. The solar MPPT controller is built inside the outdoor unit and with MC4 PV+ PV- connector, so you just need to prepare 3-6 pcs solar panel and connect to the outdoor unit after installation then the unit can work normally.

How many solar panels need for the Solarker Hybrid ACDC solar air conditioner?

How many solar panels need for the Solarker Hybrid ACDC solar air conditioner? The solar panel QTY depends on the total power consumption of the units. Normally we match 130% solar panel power of our units rated power consumption. 12K 18K 24K normal high power consumption is 1000W 1500W 2000W, so we match 1300W, 2000W, 2600W solar panel. So if you use 450W solar panel, then 12K need 3 pcs, 18K need 5 pcs, 24K need 6 pcs, if you want to use off grid and get best saving experience, then add 1 pc extra solar panel will be perfect and save more power and can use air conditoiner longer time daily.

If Solarker Hybrid ACDC air conditioner works with battery?

If Solarker Hybrid ACDC air conditioner works with battery? No. The Solarker Hybrid ACDC model works with solar panel or grid power, can not connect to the battery, If need battery working model then pls choose the Solarker DC48V air conditioner model. But we don't suggest using battery power to drive the air conditioner for residential regular using, because the consumption is high and cost of battery is high, For telecome station or special projects which get DC48V power sourses already, Solarker DC 48V air conditioner will be a good choice.

If Solarker Hybrid ACDC air conditioner works off grid?

If Solarker Hybrid ACDC air conditioner works off grid? Yes, the Solarker Hybrid ACDC unit works with solar panel directly without grid power, stable and no need back up of grid power. Night or cloudy days automatically get rest power from the grid to work. The unit get 3 modes working: 100% AC grid power, 100% DC solar panel working, mix AC+DC. Automatically setting by the machine and priority always the solar 1st.